China's synthetic diamond production, sales and import and export data in 2018
my country is the main producer of synthetic diamonds in the world, accounting for more than 90% of the total global diamond production. The production of synthetic diamonds in China is gradually showing a concentrated trend. As the birthplace of superhard materials in my country, its synthetic diamond production accounts for 70% of the national total. more than 70%. At present, the enterprises with the scale of production and sales in the synthetic diamond industry include Zhongnan Diamond Co., Ltd. (a subsidiary of the listed company Zhongbing Hongjian Co., Ltd.), Henan Yellow River Cyclone Co., Ltd., and Zhengzhou Huajing Diamond Co., Ltd., etc.
Synthetic diamonds are high quality and inexpensive, and are comparable to natural diamonds in all aspects. Artificial large single crystal diamond can be produced by CVD (chemical vapor deposition) method and HPHT (high temperature and high pressure treatment) method, also known as "laboratory grown diamond". The current production technology level has made artificial diamond comparable to natural diamond. Through process control, it can even be better than natural diamond in crystal form, and there are only slight differences with natural diamond in luminous characteristics, color, inclusions and crystal form. Compared with natural diamonds with a retail price of tens of thousands of yuan per carat, the price of artificial diamonds of the same level is only about 70% of that.
By the end of 2018, my country's synthetic diamond output has accounted for more than 90% of the world's total output, and the cubic boron nitride output has accounted for more than 70% of the world's total. my country has become a veritable superhard material manufacturing country.
In recent years, the product structure of the diamond industry has been adjusted, and the output has stabilized at around 14 billion to 16 billion carats. In 2017, the industry boom has rebounded significantly, and both volume and price have increased. From 2001 to 2014, my country's synthetic diamond industry was in a period of rapid growth, and the output scale expanded rapidly, with an average annual compound growth rate of up to 20%; since 2015, the product structure of the synthetic diamond industry has changed, and the output of large single crystals with longer synthesis time has increased. In 2016, my country's overall output of synthetic diamond fell to 13.6 billion carats; in 2017, the industry boom rebounded, and my country's synthetic diamond output was 14.3 billion carats. In 2018, the domestic synthetic diamond output reached 18.2 billion carats. In recent years, the domestic synthetic diamond output is shown in the following figure: